Name owner: Nesamun

Title owner: The Osiris, the Godsfather, writer of the temple of the good God Khonsu

Dimensions (hxwxd): 10.7 x 3.4 x 3.2 cm

Translation hieroglyphs: The Osiris, the Godsfather, the Writer of the temple of the good God Khonsu, (Nes-Amen?)

Preservation: Broken at ankle level, faience worn

R-R: –

Provenance: –


This shabti dates to the 21/22th dynasty, circa 1000-700 BC and was discovered by Petrie in Abydos in 1900.

Parallels are found in several musuems and private collections. Museum parallels for example: (UC40238) in the Petrie, AYBCM.2003.24.1 in Buckinghamshire County Museum, and 1253 in The Manchester Museum. See also SC/4 where a comparable overview of some of them is given.

The dating can be determined, a.o. by the hairband, which first appeared in the 21th dynasty. Based on the greenish colour, the rather thick appearance, the small and clearly detailed hands, the shabti could date to the early part of the 22th dynasty rather than the 21th.
The shabti has several titles with an interesting text, it reads: The Osiris, the Godsfather, the Writer of the temple of the good God (Amun), Nes-Amen, true of voice. In transliteration: Asir, it ntjr, ssh pr nfr ntjr, ns-Imn, maA-chrw.

This overseer clearly reads Khonsu as part of the title Writer of the temple of the Good God. It is uncertain at this point whether this priest was also a writer of the temple of Amun.

Additional information

Ancient provenance



21st dynasty, 22nd dynasty